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    首頁> 外文學位 >Antibiotic sensitivity patterns of hospital-acquired and community-acquired methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus.
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    Antibiotic sensitivity patterns of hospital-acquired and community-acquired methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus.

    機譯:醫院獲得和社區獲得的耐甲氧西林金黃色葡萄球菌的抗生素敏感性模式。

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    摘要

    Staphylococcus aureus is one of the most dangerous human pathogens. An intensive effort to control resistant staphylococci, especially methicillin resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA), is vital as it is the most common cause of hospital-acquired infections. During the one year study period, a total of 35 MRSA isolates were collected. Fifteen isolates were identified as hospital-acquired (HA) infections, and 20 isolates were determined to be community acquired (CA). All 15 (100%) HA-MRSA strains were resistant to clindamycin and to erythromycin. Thirteen isolates (87%) were resistant to ciprofloxacin and levofloxacin, and 12 (80%) were resistant to moxifloxacin. Of the 20 CA-MRSA isolates, 15 (75%) were resistant to erythromycin, 8 (40%) were resistant to ciprofloxacin and levofloxacin, 6 (30%) were resistant to clindamycin, 5 (25%) were resistant to moxifloxacin, 2 (10%) were resistant to tetracycline, and 1 (5%) was resistant to nitrofurantion. The patterns of resistance that MRSA isolates display can play a major role in differentiating between hospital-acquired and community-acquired MRSA strains.
    機譯:金黃色葡萄球菌是人類最危險的病原體之一。大力控制耐藥葡萄球菌,尤其是耐甲氧西林金黃色葡萄球菌(MRSA)是至關重要的,因為它是醫院獲得性感染的最常見原因。在一年的研究期內,總共收集了35種MRSA分離株。確定了15株分離株為醫院獲得性(HA)感染,并確定20株分離株為社區獲得性(CA)。所有15(100%)HA-MRSA菌株均對克林霉素和紅霉素具有抗性。十三株(87%)對環丙沙星和左氧氟沙星有抗性,十二株(80%)對莫西沙星有抗性。在20株CA-MRSA分離株中,有15株(75%)對紅霉素耐藥,有8株(40%)對環丙沙星和左氧氟沙星耐藥,有6株(30%)對克林霉素耐藥,有5株(25%)對莫西沙星耐藥, 2(10%)抗四環素,1(5%)抗硝基呋喃酮。 MRSA分離株表現出的抗性模式可以在區分醫院獲得性和社區獲得性MRSA菌株中發揮重要作用。

    著錄項

    • 作者

      Kaddora, Iyad.;

    • 作者單位

      Marshall University.;

    • 授予單位 Marshall University.;
    • 學科 Biology Microbiology.
    • 學位 M.S.
    • 年度 2010
    • 頁碼 43 p.
    • 總頁數 43
    • 原文格式 PDF
    • 正文語種 eng
    • 中圖分類 植物學;
    • 關鍵詞

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